Francis Folger Franklin, Ben's son. Artist and date unknown Benjamin Franklin was born in Boston on January 17, He was the tenth son of soap maker, Josiah Franklin.
He was a prodigious inventor and his numerous inventions include the lightning rod, bifocals, long arm and the Franklin stove. Franklin held several prominent posts during his career and was instrumental in getting French assistance during the American Revolution.
He was in the Committee of Five that drafted the U. Know about the versatile contributions of Benjamin Franklin though his 10 major accomplishments and achievements. He not only published the paper but also wrote pieces for it under aliases.
Join, or Die, the first political cartoon in America, which was created by Franklin, was published in the newspaper on May 9, The cartoon later became a symbol of colonial unity during the American Revolution and remains popular.
The Pennsylvania Gazette became one of the most prominent newspapers in U. The almanac, which was published yearly for 25 years tillbrought Franklin both fame and economic success. It sold as many as 10, copies a year, was considered significant by Napoleon Bonaparte to translate it into Italian and was the first work of English literature to be translated into Slovene.
Though it was known that Franklin was the author, he used the pseudonym Richard Saunders. The character was poor but claimed to be a philomath and astrologer. He challenged the then believe that electricity consisted of two opposing forces; proposed that it moved from one body to another; coined several terms including positive, negative, battery, charge and conductor; proposed that lightning was indeed electricity; and was the first to discover the principle of conservation of charge.
His experiments enabled him to create a device that would protect buildings from the destructive force of lightning. Thus the lightning rod, which protects structures by earthing, was invented.
Diagram of a simple lightning rod to protect a building 4 He invented numerous other things including bifocal lenses Franklin suffered from presbyopia due to which he required two sets of glasses. This led him to invent bifocals, which are eyeglasses with the upper half for distance and lower for reading.
Apart from lightning rod and bifocals, Franklin invented swim fins; the musical instrument glass armonica; flexible urinary catheter; his own version of the odometer, which is an instrument to measure the distance traveled by a wheeled vehicle; the long arm, which is used to reach books in high shelves; and the Franklin Stove, which is a device to provide more heat and less smoke than an ordinary fireplace.
Later he also became a representative of Massachusetts, Georgia and New Jersey. Inthe Parliament of Britain passed the Stamp Act which imposed a direct tax on its colonies in British America. There was widespread opposition against the Act in America. Due to this Franklin emerged as the leading spokesman for American interests in England.
Benjamin Franklin was unanimously elected by the Pennsylvania Assembly as their delegate to the Second Continental Congress, which was a convention of representatives from the Thirteen Colonies to manage their war efforts against Britain.
It decided to issue a declaration of independence and Franklin was one of the five members who were appointed to draft it. Though much of it is written by Thomas Jefferson, Franklin made several important changes. Declaration of Independence, announcing that the colonies regarded themselves as independent sovereign states, was adopted on July 4, He played a prominent role in the development of positive relations between America and France.
French assistance was instrumental in the victory of American colonies over Great Britain in the Revolutionary War.
Franklin was one of the representatives from U. In fact, Franklin is the only Founding Father who is a signatory of all four major documents of the founding of U. His effective measures led to the first profits for the colonial post office.
Inwhen the Second Continental Congress established the United States Post Office, Franklin was made its postmaster general due to his experience in the field.
The postal system that was established continues to this day, though it was transformed to United States Postal Service in Benjamin Franklin on the First US postage stamp Issue of 9 He was instrumental in establishment of the University of Pennsylvania Franklin was the primary founder of the University of Pennsylvania.
Established inPenn is today ranked among the top research universities in the world. Franklin was also one of the founders of American Philosophical Society and was elected its first president.
Founded inAPS remains an eminent scholarly organization of international reputation. In independent America, Franklin served as the sixth Governor of Pennsylvania from to Logo for University of Pennsylvania 10 He contributed in the development of the emerging science of demography InFranklin wrote a short essay titled Observations Concerning the Increase of Mankind, Peopling of Countries, etc.
This is considered one of the leading works of eighteenth century demography or population studies. Franklin wrote about his life and this unfinished record was published after his death, which occurred in Brother James Franklin dies; Benjamin sends his widow copies of Poor Richard for free so she can make money by selling them Andrew (the Philadelphia Lawyer) Hamilton defends John Peter Zenger in a seminal Freedom of the Press case.
One of the founding fathers of the USA, Benjamin Franklin was a multi-talented personality. He was a scientist, inventor, author, musician and a statesman. Check out this biography for detailed information on his r-bridal.com Of Birth: Boston, Massachusetts Bay.
Watch video · Who Was Benjamin Franklin? Benjamin Franklin (January 17, to April 17, ) was a Founding Father and a polymath, inventor, scientist, printer, politician, freemason and r-bridal.com: Jan 17, Benjamin Franklin FRS FRSE (January 17, [O.S. January 6, ] Throughout his career, Franklin was an advocate for paper money, Because of these fears, and because of political attacks on his character, Franklin lost his seat in the October Assembly elections.
The anti-proprietary party dispatched Franklin to England again to. A summary of Drawn into Politics in 's Benjamin Franklin.
Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Benjamin Franklin and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. Benjamin Franklin Biography One of the founding fathers of the USA, Benjamin Franklin was a multi-talented personality.
He was a scientist, inventor, author, musician and a r-bridal.com Of Birth: Boston, Massachusetts Bay.