In the course of this summer they passed through all the extensive settlements which lie between Newport and York-Town. Yet so complete was their discipline, that in this long march, scarce an instance could be produced of a peach or an apple being taken, without the consent of the inhabitants.
He first raided Richmonddefeating the defending militia, from January 5—7 before falling back to Portsmouth. After they proved ineffective, he took a larger force of 8 ships in Marchand fought a tactically inconclusive battle with the British fleet of Marriot Arbuthnot at the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay.
Destouches withdrew due to the damage sustained to his fleet, leaving Arbuthnot and the British fleet in control of the bay's mouth.
Richmond was about to suffer the same fate, but Lafayette arrived. The British, not wanting to engage in a major battle, withdrew to Petersburg on May He immediately assumed command, as Phillips had recently died of a fever.
Instead, he sent raiders into central Virginia, where they attacked depots and supply convoys, before being recalled on June Cornwallis then headed for Williamsburg, and Lafayette's force of now 4, followed him.
Rochambeau disagreed, arguing the fleet in the West Indies under Admiral de Grasse was going to sail to the American coast, where easier options than attacking New York could be attempted.
Washington abandoned his plan to take New York, and began to prepare his army for the march south to Virginia. Washington wanted to maintain complete secrecy of their destination. General Rochambeau generously loaned Washington half of his supply of gold Spanish coins.
This would be the last time the men would be paid. This strengthened French and American relations.
De Grasse debarked his French troops to join Lafayette, and then sent his empty transports to pick up the American troops. Graves did not realize how large the French fleet was, and neither did Cornwallis.
Initial movements On September 26, transports with artillery, siege tools, and some French infantry and shock troops from Head of Elkthe northern end of the Chesapeake Bay, arrived, giving Washington command of an army of 7, Frenchmen, 3, militia, and 8, Continentals. Some of the American soldiers hunted down wild hogs to eat.
The men improved their works and deepened their trenches. On October 1, the allies learned from British deserters that, to preserve their food, the British had slaughtered hundreds of horses and thrown them on the beach.
Preparations for the parallel also began. General Washington continued to make visits to the front, despite concern shown by several of his officers over the increasing enemy fire. The British cavalry quickly retreated back behind their defensive lines, losing 50 men. On the northernmost end of the French line, a support trench was dug so that they could bombard the British ships in the river.
The British fire began to weaken when they saw the large number of guns the allies had. The Franco-American guns began to tear apart the British defenses.
The British soldiers began to pitch their tents in their trenches and soldiers began to desert in large numbers.
Cornwallis sank more than a dozen of his ships in the harbor. The French began to fire at the British ships and scored a hit on the British HMS Charonwhich caught fire, and in turn set two or three other ships on fire.
During the night, the British fire continued to land in the old line; Cornwallis did not suspect that a new parallel was being dug. Lafayette named his aide, Jean-Joseph Sourbader de Gimatwho commanded a battalion of Continental light infantry.
However, Hamilton protested, saying that he was the senior officer. Washington concurred with Hamilton and gave him command of the attack. Hamilton sent Lieutenant Colonel John Laurens around to the rear of the redoubt to prevent the British from escaping.
A British sentry called a challenge, and then fired at the Americans. They hacked through the abatis, crossed a ditch and climbed the parapet into the redoubt. The British fire was heavy, but the Americans overwhelmed them. The bayonet fight cleared the British out of the redoubt and almost the entire garrison was captured, including the commander of the redoubt, Major Campbell.
When there was no response, the sentry opened fire as did other Hessians on the parapet. The Germans charged the Frenchmen climbing over the walls but the French fired a volley, driving them back. He then ordered a storming party of British troops under the command of Colonel Robert Abercromby to attack the allied lines and spike the American and French cannon i.
As the British charged Abercromby shouted "Push on my brave boys, and skin the bastards! The British had been able to spike six guns, but by the morning they were all repaired.Combatants at the Battle of Yorktown: Americans and French against the British and their German mercenaries Generals at the Battle of Yorktown: General Washington commanded the American army.
Lieutenant-General de Rochambeau commanded the French troops. Major-General Lord Cornwallis commanded the.
The Siege of Yorktown or Battle of Yorktown in was a decisive victory by combined assault of American forces led by General George Washington and French forces led by General Comte de Rochambeau over a British Army commanded by General Lord Cornwallis. It proved to be the last major land battle of the American Revolutionary .
The Battle of Yorktown was the last major engagement of the American Revolution () and was fought September 28 to October 19, Moving south from New York, a combined Franco-American army trapped Lieutenant General Lord Charles Cornwallis' army .
May 30, · Watch video · Yorktown proved to be the final battle of the American Revolution, and the British began peace negotiations shortly after the American victory. ADVERTISEMENT Thanks for watching! The French, after the battle, were able to achieve temporary control of the sea lanes against the British and this resulted in the reinforcement of the Continental Army with siege artillery and fresh French troops, which proved decisive in the Siege of Yorktown, leading to he surrender of General Cornwallis on October 19th, With his back to the York River, British General Charles Lord Cornwallis intended to refit and resupply his 9,man army in the fall of Sensing an opportunity, George Washington and his French ally, the Comte de Rochambeau, moved their force of almost 20, men south to Virginia.