Natural disaster case study

Rehabilitation Shelter and relief Due to flash floods, several houses were destroyed.

Natural disaster case study

Rehabilitation Shelter and relief Due to flash floods, several houses were destroyed. The families were transferred to tents provided by the Indian Army and government and non-government agencies.

The need for permanent shelter for these people emerged as a major task. The Prime Minister of India announced Rs. Supply of essential items The Army maintains an inventory of essential medicines and supplies in readiness as a part of routing emergency preparedness.

The essential non-food items were airlifted to the affected areas. These included blankets, tents, gum boots, and clothes.

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Gloves and masks were provided for the persons who were working to clear the debris from the roads and near the affected buildings. Water, sanitation, and hygiene Public Health is seriously threatened in disasters, especially due to lack of water supply and sanitation. People having lost their homes and living in temporary shelters tents puts a great strain on water and sanitation facilities.

The pumping station was washed away, thus disrupting water supply in the Leh Township.

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A large number of toilets became non-functional as they were filled with silt, as houses were built at the foothills of the Himalayan Mountains. Temporary arrangements of deep trench latrines were made while the army engineers made field flush latrines for use by the troops.

Water was stagnant and there was the risk of contamination by mud or dead bodies buried in the debris, thus making the quality of drinking water questionable. Therefore, water purification units were installed and established.

Further, super-chlorination was done at all the water points in the army establishments. To deal with fly menace in the entire area, anti-fly measures were taken up actively and intensely. Food and nutrition There was an impending high risk of food shortage and crisis of hunger and malnutrition.

The majority of food supply came from the plains and low-lying areas in North India through the major transport routes Leh—Srinagar and Leh—Manali national highways.

These routes are non-functional for most part of the winter. The local agricultural and vegetable cultivation has always been scanty due to extreme cold weather. The food supplies took a further setback due to the unpredicted heavy downpour.

Food storage facilities were also flooded and washed away. Government agencies, nongovernmental organizations, and the Indian Army immediately established food supply and distribution system in the affected areas from their food stores and airlifting food supplies from other parts of the country.

Health There was a high risk of water-borne diseases following the disaster. Many human bodies were washed away and suspected to have contaminated water bodies. There was an increased fly menace. There was an urgent need to prevent disease transmission due to contaminated drinking water sources and flies.

There was also a need to rehabilitate people who suffered from crush injuries sustained during the disaster. The public health facilities, especially, the primary health centers and sub-health centers, were not adequately equipped and were poorly connected by roads to the main city of Leh.

Natural disaster case study

Due to difficult accessibility, it took many hours to move casualties from the far-flung areas, worsening the crisis and rescue and relief operations.

The population would have a higher risk of mental health problems like post-traumatic stress disorder, deprivation, and depression.

CHAPTER 1 - INCORPORATING NATURAL HAZARD MANAGEMENT INTO THE DEVELOPMENT PLANNING PROCESS

Therefore, relief and rehabilitation would include increased awareness of the symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder and its alleviation through education on developing coping mechanisms. Economic impact Although it would be too early to estimate the impact on economy, the economy of the region would be severely affected due to the disaster.

The scanty local vegetable and grain cultivation was destroyed by the heavy rains. Many houses were destroyed where people had invested all their savings. Tourism was the main source of income for the local people in the region. The summer season is the peak tourist season in Ladakh and that is when the natural disaster took place.

A large number of people came from within India and other countries for trekking in the region. Because of the disaster, tourism was adversely affected.

Natural disaster case study

The disaster would have a long-term economic impact as it would take a long time to rebuild the infrastructure and also to build the confidence of the tourists. The floods put an immense pressure and an economic burden on the local people and would also influence their health-seeking behavior and health expenditure.Disaster diplomacy investigates how and why disaster-related activities do and do not induce cooperation amongst enemies.

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