Most were aristocratic in outlook, trained students to become elite. Doctors often used dangerous and useless treatments.
President George Washington generally supported Hamilton's program for a financially strong national government. The election of Jefferson inwhich he called "the revolution of ", brought in the Presidency of Thomas Jefferson and the permanent eclipse of the Federalists, apart from the Supreme Court.
While principled, with vehemently held core beliefs, the Jeffersonians had factions that disputed the true meaning of their creed. For example, during the War of it became apparent that independent state militia units were inadequate for conducting a serious war against a major country.
The new Secretary of War John C. Calhouna Jeffersonian, proposed to build up the Army. With the support of most Republicans in Congress, he got his way.
The core political value of America is republicanism —citizens have a civic duty to aid the state and resist corruption, especially monarchism and aristocracy. The Jeffersonian party was officially the "Republican Party" political scientists later called it the Democratic-Republican Party to differentiate it from the later Republican Party of Lincoln.
Turnout indeed soared across the country. BeckleyJefferson's agent in Pennsylvania, set new standards in the s. In the presidential election, he blanketed the state with agents who passed out 30, hand-written tickets, naming all 15 electors printed tickets were not allowed.
Historians consider Beckley to be one of the first American professional campaign managers and his techniques were quickly adopted in other states.
The national government is a dangerous necessity to be instituted for the common benefit, protection and security of the people, nation or community—it should be watched closely and circumscribed in its powers. Most anti-Federalists from — joined the Jeffersonians. The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions of written secretly by Jefferson and James Madison proclaim these principles.
The Federalists' violation of this freedom through the Alien and Sedition Acts of became a major issue. Financiers, bankers and industrialists make cities the "cesspools of corruption" and should be avoided.
Constitution The United States Constitution was written in order to ensure the freedom of the people. However, as Jefferson wrote to James Madison in"no society can make a perpetual constitution or even a perpetual law.
The earth belongs always to the living generation". The protection and expansion of human liberty was one of the chief goals of the Jeffersonians.
They also reformed their respective state systems of education. They believed that their citizens had a right to an education no matter their circumstance or status in life.
The Jeffersonians lost this battle to Chief Justice John Marshalla Federalist, who dominated the Court from to his death in According to Michael Hardt, "Jefferson's support of the French Revolution often serves in his mind as a defense of republicanism against the monarchism of the Anglophiles".
Control by Spain was tolerable—control by France was unacceptable. A standing army and navy are dangerous to liberty and should be avoided—much better was to use economic coercion such as the embargo. The militia was adequate to defend the nation. During the Revolutionary War previously, a national conflict, in this case the War ofrequired the creation of a national army for the duration of international hostilities.
Westward expansion[ edit ] Territorial expansion of the United States was a major goal of the Jeffersonians because it would produce new farm lands for yeomen farmers. The Jeffersonians wanted to integrate the Indians into American society, or remove further west those tribes that refused to integrate.
However Sheehan argues that the Jeffersonians, with the best of goodwill toward the Indians, destroyed their distinctive cultures with its misguided benevolence.
It opened up vast new fertile farmlands from Louisiana to Montana. Jefferson saw the West as an economic safety valve which would allow people in the crowded East to own farms.
The farmers with whom Jefferson identified conquered the West, often through violence against Native Americans. Jefferson himself sympathized with Native Americans, but that did not stop him from enacting policies that would continue the trend towards the dispossession of their lands. The workers would no longer be independent voters.Jefferson learned that napoleon had acquired this territory from Spain once again and might be interested in selling it.
Jefferson sent James Monroe and Robert Livingston to talk to him about purchasing it. (Thomas Jefferson to John Adams, 28 Oct. , Adams-Jefferson Letters, ed.
Lester J. Cappon, Chapel Hill: Univ. of North Carolina Press, , ) The age of Jackson, on the other hand, is known as the age of the common man. Jefferson's lasting significance in American history stems from his remarkably varied talents.
He made major contributions as a politician, statesman, diplomat, intellectual, writer, scientist, and philosopher. The Jeffersonian era was rife with conflict, partisan passion, and larger-than-life personalities. On the domestic front, a new party, the Republicans, came to office for the first time and a former vice president was charged with treason.
The Era of Good Feelings marked a period in the political history of the United States that reflected a sense of national purpose and a desire for unity among Americans in the aftermath of the War of The era saw the collapse of the Federalist Party and an end to the bitter partisan disputes between it and the dominant Democratic-Republican .
The Jeffersonian Era, III. Monticello and Sally Hemings A. Jefferson rebuilt his home at Monticello three times. B.
Monticello is regarded as one of the great examples.