How does industrialization lead to urbanization?
During this period, urbanization spread out into the countryside and up into the sky, thanks to new methods of building taller buildings.
Having people concentrated into small areas accelerated economic activity, thereby producing more industrial growth. Industrialization and urbanization thus reinforced one another, augmenting the speed with which such growth would have otherwise occurred.
Industrialization and urbanization affected Americans everywhere, but especially in the Northeast and Midwest. Technological developments in construction, transportation, and illumination, all connected to industrialization, changed cities forever, most immediately those north of Washington, DC and east of Kansas City.
Cities themselves fostered new kinds of industrial activity on large and small scales. Cities were also the places where businessmen raised the capital needed to industrialize the rest of the United States. Later changes in production and transportation made urbanization less acute by making it possible for people to buy cars and live further away from downtown areas in new suburban areas after World War II ended.
Beforeindustrialization depended upon a prescribed division of labor—breaking most jobs up into smaller tasks, and assigning the same people to repeat one task indefinitely.
Afterindustrialization depended much more on mechanization—the replacement of people with machines—to increase production and maximize profits. The development of the modern electrical grid, starting in the early s, facilitated such technological advances.
As a result, the total manufacturing output of the United States was twenty-eight times greater in than it was Adjust that number for the growth in population over the same period, and it still multiplied seven times over.
This trend was most apparent in large cities like New York, which expanded from approximately half a million to around 3. During the last half of the late 19th century, Chicago proved to be the fastest growing city in the world.
Bythat percentage had increased to The Census revealed that more Americans lived in cities than the countryside for the first time.
Important regional differences existed in urbanization because of differences in the nature of industrial growth. Following on a tradition of manufacturing from earlier in the century, New Bedford and Fall River, Massachusetts increased in size because of their cotton textile factories.
Other cities, like Elizabeth, New Jersey, grew as byproducts of the expansion of their larger neighbors.On the positive side, urbanization brought new jobs, new opportunities, new housing, and new transportation; but on the negative side, urbanization gave rise to widespread urban poverty, sub-standard housing, environmental degradation, increasing crime and violence, violent clashes between labor and management, and political corruption.
In the United States, industrialization of agriculture has negatively affected the economy of small and middle-sized farms and strongly reduced the size of the rural labour market.
As a result, cities are often 1 to 3 °C ( to °F) warmer than surrounding landscapes. Start studying History Ch. 6/7: Immigration, Urbanization, and Industrialization. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Core Knowledge National Conference, 6th Grade, A Changing Society: Industrialization and Urbanization 2 C.
Skill Objectives 1.
Construct a time line of American history highlighting landmark dates, technological and economic changes, social movements, military conflicts, and. Industrialization leads to urbanization by creating economic growth and job opportunities that draw people to cities.
Urbanization typically begins when a factory or multiple factories are. WSBCTC 1 Industrialization, Urbanization, and Immigration Overview Demographic Expansion In , the US population stood at million and by it was million.